How well do you know the California
Missions? See images below and try to guess which is which. Here are the answers: 1. San Juan Capistrano, 2. Santa Barbara, 3. San Buenaventura, 4. Solvang, 5. Carmel, and 6. La Purisima.
are 21 missions that extend mostly along the California Coast and nearby
regions. Founded by the Spanish padres with the goal of bring their
religion and cultural influence to California, the missions were built
beginning in the late 1700s to the 1800s. As far as we are aware, no
mission stands in its original form today. Most have been rebuilt to the
specifications of the original structure. A tour to the California
Missions is highly recommended. You may only see one or two, since they
stretch from San Diego to north of San Francisco, a length of over 500
miles. Each mission blends with its environment in a unique way.
Most missions act as museums and many also offer church services.
There are events held at the California missions throughout the year. BEACHCALIFORNIA
offers an extensive Calendar of Events featuring fairs, festival and things to do
throughout the hundreds of California Cities and locations.
Junípero Serra raised a cross at San Diego to establish the first
Spanish settlement in California in 1769 to convert Native American
Indians to Christianity. From San Diego to Sonoma—millions of California
schoolchildren have traveled to and taken tours of adobe buildings that
enjoy popularity as one of California's most visited tourist
attractions. Filled with historic murals, rare basketry and Native
American art, gift shops, meeting rooms and sanctuaries serving as
active parishes (in all but two missions that are operated as California
When the Mexican government dissolved the California mission system in
the 1820s, most fell into disrepair. Some crumbled from quakes and
others experienced neglect. In 1999, the California Missions
Foundation began offering grants for preservation projects. In 2004 U.S.
Senator Barbara Boxer (D-CA) sponsored a bill which passed to provide
$10 million in matching funds to the missions foundation. But last
November, the Washington, D.C., group Americans United for Separation of
Church and State filed a lawsuit to block the funding. A difficult and
thorny legal consideration, a system needs to be introduced to fund
these historic properties as reminders of the establishment of today's
There are 21 missions along the
California coast built under the direction of Padre Junipero Serra of the
Order of Franciscan Friars. He was born at Petra, Isla del Mallorca,
on the 24th of November, 1713. At the age of 17 he received the Franciscan
habit and in the year 1749 embarked for the missions of Mexico. Padre Serra,
who was named Presidente of the Missions of Loreto in Lower California,
came north to San Diego, and established missions throughout California.
He is buried in Carmel.
The 21 missions in
San Luis Rey, Carmel
Mission, Mission Santa Barbara and
San Juan Capistrano. They provide a historical displays
of early California. Many are near the beach, following the trail of the
Real which Spanish padres established, creating a foothold in
California. Resources: Mission Map
The chart below tells you the order in which each mission was built, the year it was established and the address.
||NAME OF MISSION
||Basilica San Diego de Alcala
||10818 Mission Rd., SD
||La Purisima Concepcion
||Near Lompoc, off 101
||1787, rebuilt by original
||Nuestra Senora de la Soledad
||1791, stood in ruins for
||San Antonio de Padua
||1771, one of largest restored
||San Antonia de Pala
||1816, to help San Luis Rey
||1782, last one from Fr.
||San Carlos Borreomeo
||1770,Fr.Serra buried here
||San Fenando Rey de Espana
||15151 SF Mission Blvd.
||1797, Restored in 1971
||San Francisco de Asis
||Dolores & 16th
||San Francisco Solano
||Spain & 1st
||1823, northernmost &
||San Gabriel Arcangel
||1120 Old Mill Rd
||1771, at crossroads in California
||43300 Mission Blvd.
||1777, noted for outstanding
||San Juan Bautista
||San Juan Capistrano
||off 1-5 at Ortega
||1776, swallows return annually
||San Luis Obispo
||Choro & Monterey St.
||1772, first to use tile
||San Luis Rey de Francia
||off Hwy 76
||1798, most successful of
||San Miguel Arcangel
||1797, last mission secularized
||San Rafael Arcangel
||A & 5th
||1817, founded to aid sick
||Laguna & Los Olivos
||1786, called most beautiful
||Santa Clara de Asis
||Grant & Franklin
||1777, bell dated 1798 still
||School & Emmet
||1791, rebuilt in 1931
||1760 Mission Dr.
||1804, favorite for many
||Hwy 79 near Julien
||1818, Indian burial grounds